UNDERSTANDING PROSTATE CANCER
Learning about prostate cancer and the different forms of the disease may help you better understand your diagnosis and feel more confident in making treatment decisions with your care team.
Below is a brief overview of the disease that you may find useful. A glossary of key terms is included at the bottom of the page.
What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer takes place in the prostate, a small gland located below the bladder, and happens when the body cannot control the growth of abnormal prostate cells.
Prostate cancer may become metastatic, which means it has spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones, lungs, liver, or distant lymph nodes.
Non-metastatic: cancer has not spread beyond the prostate
Metastatic: cancer has
spread beyond the prostate
cancer has not spread
beyond the prostate
cancer has spread
beyond the prostate
Prostate cancer symptoms can vary from person to person, with many men experiencing no symptoms at all.
Talk to your doctor right away if you experience any of these symptoms:
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- A weak or interrupted flow of urine
- Bloody urine or semen
- Pain or burning during urination
- Difficulty achieving an erection
- Painful ejaculation
- Pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that doesn’t go away
The symptoms above can be caused by conditions other than prostate cancer.
NUBEQA is not approved to treat these symptoms.
Prostate cancer can be detected by healthcare providers in different ways, including:
- Digital rectal exams (DREs)
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood tests
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans
- Prostate biopsies
- Computed tomography (CT) scans
Prostate cancer is usually found when it is still in the prostate, but in some cases the cancer is found after it has spread to other parts of the body.
Prostate cancer can be categorized by whether or not it has spread beyond the prostate, as well as
by how it responds to hormone therapy.*
Types of prostate cancer include:
*Hormone therapy includes drug treatments or surgery to lower testosterone.
You have support from all sides
Being diagnosed with prostate cancer can be hard to grapple with. Don’t go through it alone. You have access to a strong support network of friends and family, medical professionals, advocacy organizations, and fellow patients who can raise you up when you’re at your lowest.
Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC): prostate cancer that keeps growing even when the amount of testosterone in the body is reduced to very low levels (ie, no longer responds to hormone therapy)
Computed tomography (CT) scan: a procedure that uses a computer linked to an x-ray machine to make a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body
Digital rectal exam (DRE): when a doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for abnormalities
Hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (HSPC): prostate cancer that can be treated with hormone therapy. Also called castration-sensitive prostate cancer (CSPC)
Hormone therapy: drug treatments or surgery to lower testosterone to delay the growth of prostate cancer. Also called androgen deprivation therapy, or ADT
Localized prostate cancer: cancer that has not spread beyond the prostate. Also called non-metastatic prostate cancer
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): a procedure that uses radio waves, a powerful magnet, and a computer to make a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body
Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC): prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and no longer responds to hormone therapy
Metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC): prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and can be treated with hormone therapy
Non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC): prostate cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body and no longer responds to hormone therapy
Prostate biopsy: a procedure to remove tissue samples from the prostate
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: a test that measures the amount of PSA found in the blood. PSA is a protein made by the prostate gland. PSA levels may be higher in men with prostate cancer or other prostate-related conditions